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Itinerant planetarium Itinerant planetarium Full Dome Immersive Projection

Full Dome Immersive Projections

The planetarium discovery, named even itinerant planetarium, is quick to pitch and easy up, and has a big visual effect with a great scenography

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Itinerant Planetarium

Discovery, the Itinerant Planetarium.

Nowadays the planetarium Discovery is the best answer to the question of a quick setting up of a planetarium, everywhere as in historic town centres, shopping centres, malls, local fairs, public or private parks, schools or museums. The planetarium discovery, named even itinerant planetarium, is quick to pitch and easy up, and has a big visual effect with a great scenography, a crowd puller attraction for its unique structure. Discovery isn’t only a planetarium but it’s above all a tool for the creation of scientific spectacles able to amaze the public with extreme clarity and simplicity even on difficult matters like the human body structure, the first travel to the moon dynamics, space missions, the evolution of the first unicellular organisms, Galileo Galilei’s experiments and lot more other immersive projections, all with a 4k resolution. Discovery is the itinerant and inflatable planetarium, easy to use and professional, perfectly suited for animating spectacles and events. Full dome projections are an outstanding educational tool in order to make entertainment with Full Dome Immersive Projections of the of the sky, stars, planets and celestial phenomena. When we talk about full dome immersive projections we mean an innovative and spectacular way to see videos, we have not anymore to tie ourselves down to a flat screen. However, you’ll be entirely absorbed into the movie so as to live an experience rich of pictures, colours and emotion as the protagonist. Full dome’s movies thanks to the planetarium’s technologies are perfect for every public during any event, because it’s quick to pitch and easy up for example in shopping centres, malls, museums, schools, private or public parks, fairs etc.

Historic background:

The will of looking at the sky and analyse it with its movements, can be settled in first ancient times of the human being. Indeed, we’ve always tried to reproduce the nightly sky in order to obtain prophesies and predictions but also with a scientific and technic approach able to create calendars extremely clear or notion to help navigators to orientate. With the term planetarium, usually we mean the reproduction of a celestial hemisphere which can make you have a look to the motion of celestial bodies and planets. The first trails of a planetarium can be settled in the ancient Greece, of the IIIrd century B.C. where a sphere could rotate along the terrestrial axis (vertical) and along a horizontal axis making significant even phenomena as equinoxes. But the great evolution in the construction and in the operation of the planetarium during the 600 with the birth of the “Globe of Gottorf”, a planetarium nearest to the one we have today. The Gottorf’s planetarium was a big copper’ sphere, with a diameter of 4 metres and with a height of 3 tons, able to host a dozen of people. On the inner surface of the planetarium were designed easily, simple golden stars significant by candlelight. However, from the exterior the planetarium seemed to be a huge globe, the exterior surface of it reproduced the earth motion and its continents. Moreover, Gottorf’s planetarium could rotate thanks to a complex hydraulic system simulating the earth rotation and was given to the Zar Peter the Great who set it in Saint Petersburg. From Gottorf’s planetarium, many planetariums more significant were realised, till the 8th century which saw the birth of the mechanical planetarium, the advance of technic and astronomic knowledge allowed the realisation of planetarium more accurate which were built by the best watchmakers of that time. The specific determination of measures which could put in advantage sea routes, at that time were fundamental for the development of sea business. Indeed, that was a really dear argument to sea and commercial authorities and this gave an incentive to the progress of astronomic knowledge which saw the most important minds of that time. In this period were born the “orreries”, truly “mechanical planetarium” considered astronomic jewels able to reproduce celestial motions. Nevertheless, we’ll wait till the first decades of the IXth century to assist to the birth of the first modern planetarium built by the famous company Zeiss, nowadays leader, in the production of lens and optic realisations. Zeiss’s company made a tool able to project the sky on a dark chamber’s wall, near to the modern conception of a moving or itinerant planetarium, or again near to the extremely modern inflatable planetarium usually used in schools or for the realisation of spectacles about Space and Space missions. In order to build a planetarium, engineers and mathematicians used an array of projectors which projected on a hemispheric room, exactly as it happens today in nowadays itinerant planetariums, or moving planetariums, or again in inflatable planetariums. This solution allowed to expand the inner dimensions of the planetarium to a major number of spectators. Pursuing this line, there is the birth of the “marvelousness of Jena”, the first modern planetarium formed by a dome with a diameter of 16m installed on Zeiss establishment in Jena where it was projected pictures linked to Space matters, which effect was outstanding even for the creators. From Jena’s planetarium till today, it has been made progresses in leaps and bounds, arriving to the birth of digital planetarium able to cut down various technical  and logistic difficulties, becoming moving and itinerant planetariums, light weighted with domes constituted by inflatable textile structures so as to be transported everywhere and allowing the spread of astronomic divulgation or events which can be made in various contexts, (planetariums for schools, spectacle activities with the support of experts in the interior of shopping centres, initiatives with an astronomic value treated during square events etc.), environments and situations that could not have been possible to think years ago. The actual formula of the inflatable planetarium allows to reproduce the sky and most unique and interesting astronomic events, making them observable with an extraordinary proximity to reality. Even concealing a great technologic complexity, the inflatable planetarium, the moving planetarium allows to observe the sky exactly as it happens for someone who look up to the sky and sees the stars and constellations. The creation of specific software for the projection at high resolution, made possible the birth of interesting initiatives linked to Space and to the great astronaut’s challenges occupied in space missions, explanation of celestial motions, of rare phenomena as eclipses, comets, the knowledge about constellations and the awareness of a bigger public to themes nowadays known only by experts. The transformation of our unmovable planetarium in a moving and itinerant one has again consented the approaching in a more detailed and dynamic way even the public from schools, squares, shopping centres and so allowing a bigger diffusion of astrophysics and astronomic knowledge.